1. Explain who Aristotle was.  When and where did he live?  What influence did he have on intellectual traditions of the world?   [Hint: see the link at the very top of the reading. ]
  2. According to Aristotle, what are the two kinds of arts of acquisition?
  3. What is the difference  between necessities and wants?  Which is the basis of wealth, needs or wants: and how is wealth measured?
  4. Explain the two kinds of value that goods can offer people.
  5. The arts of acquisition, explain how some are bounded and some unlimited?
  6. What is usury, and why is it a problem?
  7. Aristotle says it is easy for philosophers to get wealth.  If so, why do they not do it more frequently?   Explain this in your own words.
  8. Aristotle has a lengthy passage on the benefits of monopolies.  In our society we consider monopolies to be bad for society.  Explain in your own words what Aristotle means.  [Hint: the passage is highlighted in this color.]
  9. What is the appropriate role of a woman in a family, according to Aristotle?  Explain where this role originates, where it comes from.
  10. What is the appropriate role of a woman in a family really?  Explain where the appropriate role comes from, where it originates?  How do you know if your view of “appropriate” is correct?
  11. How do you reconcile the difference between gender roles in Aristotle’s time and today? 
  12. What will gender roles be in the future?  [Forget for the minute that many local people have a religious view that the world will come to an end and thus none of this matters: please set that aside.  Imagine that society will continue indefinitely, not merely for another 30 years (for your career to occur from beginning to end).  Imagine society in 1000 years.]  What will gender roles be in the future?
  13. What is Aristotle’s view of children in a family?  Where does this come from?
  14. What is the contemporary role of children, are they still considered property of a king?   Is this what modern law says?  Explain yourself?
  15. —————————————————
  16. Explain the danger of confusing a formula for a law of science.
  17. Explain why laws of science are self correcting.  How does this benefit us?
  18. Explain why laws based on dogma and axiom are not self correcting.
  19. Explain the danger of unchanging laws based on dogma and axiom. 
  20. Describe how ignorance and human attitudes retard human progress.
  21. Outline how education is a tool to cure human errors.
  22. Explain how barbarian invaders did not cause the fall of Rome, and something else did.  What caused it?
  23. How did the dark ages, from the fall of Rome get started?  How could everyone forget things?
  24. Has modern society fully recovered from the dark ages?
  25. At the end of this question is a link to the Chronology folder. PLEASE DO NOT OPEN THE LINK IN THIS WINDOW.  OPEN IT IN A NEW WINDOW SO THAT YOU CAN USE THE GLOSSARY TOOL OVER THERE AND INPUT YOUR ANSWERS HERE. It also appears on the Course Homepage under Tools.  HOVER over the link, RIGHT CLICK, select OPEN IN A NEW WINDOW.  Then in the new window type CONTROL F, a word-search box appears. Type “energy” in the box, use the arrows to search up and down for entries about energy.  Read them.  They are very brief.   Come back to this assignment and Explain where energy comes from, how old it is, and how it got to be in a material form on Earth. Link
  26. Explain the roll of energy in the Industrial Revolution (where factories replace human labor with machine labor and machines require some form of energy).
  27. Speculate on the difference and/or differences between energy and economic-value.
  28. Explain why people get confused by formulas: such as those for Kinetic Energy and for Capital. 
  29. Explain at least two examples of dark age thinking in our time? NOTE: In answering this question, many students jump to North Korea as an answer. It is always better to look INWARD at your own community–your own state, not outward whenever answering questions like this. Is there a difference between the “dark ages” of North Korea and that “dark age thinking” of Utahns? The scientific term for this phenomena is provincialism. Try to answer this question by using examples around you. Who around you uses Dark Age thinking?